Ward Moore (August 10, 1903, Madison, New Jersey – January 28, 1978) was the working name of American author Joseph Ward Moore. Moore grew up in New York City, and later moved to Chicago, and then to California.
Moore began publishing with the novel, Breathe the Air Again (1942), about the onset of the Great Depression. The story is told from multiple viewpoints, and Ward Moore himself appears briefly as a character in the novel. His most famous work is the alternate history novel Bring the Jubilee (1953). This novel, narrated by Hodge Backmaker, tells of a world in which the South won the American Civil War, leaving the North in ruins.
Moore's other novels include Cloud By Day, in which a brush fire threatens a town in Topanga Canyon; Greener Than You Think, a novel about unstoppable Bermuda Grass; Joyleg, co-authored with Avram Davidson; and Caduceus Wild, co-authored with Robert Bradford.
Moore is also known for the two short stories (since collected) Lot (1953) and Lot's Daughter (1954) which are postapocalyptic tales with parallels to the Bible. The film Panic in Year Zero! (1962) was (without giving credit) based on Lot and Lot's Daughter. His short story “Adjustment”, in which an “ordinary” man adjusts to a never-never land in which his wishes are fulfilled, and makes the environment adjust to him as well, has been reprinted several times.
Ward Moore was the son of Samuel Ward Moore (1872–1916) and Stella Lemlein (b. 1882). His parents were Jewish and were married in 1902. Moore's grandfather Joseph Solomon Moore (1821–1892) was a successful German-born commission merchant and the statistician of the New York custom house. He wrote several books on the tariff question and was a friend of Carl Schurz. Five months after his birth in Madison, New Jersey, in the west suburbs of New York City, Moore moved with his parents to Montreal, where his mother's family lived. In 1913 the family returned to New York City.
Moore's parents divorced and remarried around this time, and his father died in 1916. His mother's second husband and Moore's stepfather was the noted German jazz band leader Julian Fuhs. Moore attended De Witt Clinton High School in New York City, where according to one widely repeated story he was expelled for antiwar activity during World War I; elsewhere he claimed that he dropped out of school in order to write. He later attended Columbia College.
Moore claimed to have spent several years tramping around the United States as a hobo during the early 1920s. In the mid-1920s he managed a bookshop in Chicago, where he befriended one of the store's patrons, the young poet Kenneth Rexroth. Moore appears in Rexroth's memoir An Autobiographical Novel as the mad bohemian poet/bookseller/science fiction writer “Bard Major.” Rexroth claimed that “Major” had been on the Central Committee of the Communist Party in Milwaukee and was expelled for Trotskyist deviationism, but the factual basis for this tale, if any, is obscure.
By 1942 Moore was married to his first wife, Lorna Lenzi. He had seven children.
In 1929 Moore relocated to California, where he was to live for the rest of his life. Starting in 1937 he participated in the Federal Writers Project of the WPA, where his friend Rexroth was an administrator in the San Francisco office. His picaresque first novel Breathe the Air Again, was about the labor struggle in California during the 1920s. It had autobiographical elements and was widely and favorably reviewed. It was intended to be the first of a trilogy but the remaining volumes were never published.
During the 1940s Moore wrote book reviews, articles and short stories for a number of magazines and newspapers, including Harper's Bazaar, the San Francisco Chronicle, Jewish Horizons, and The Nation. Starting in 1950 he was book review editor of Frontier, a West Coast political monthly similar in outlook to The Nation. In the early 1950s he began writing regularly for The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. He was a friend of the magazine's California-based editors, Anthony Boucher and J. Francis McComas, and soon became a popular favorite with the magazine's readers. Never terribly prolific, his science fiction stories penned during the 1950s were entertaining and well-crafted, and were well received.
In the 1960s his literary output diminished, and his last two novels were completed with the help of collaborators. His 1953 “if the South had won the Civil War” fantasy Bring the Jubilee was brought back into print at the time of the Civil War centennial and found an appreciative new audience among Civil War buffs. In 1965 he remarried; his second wife was the science fiction writer Raylyn Moore (née Crabbe; 1928–2005). The couple moved to Pacific Grove, CA where he died in 1978.