John Middleton Murry, Jr. (May 9, 1926 – March 31, 2002) was an English writer who used the names Colin Murry and Richard Cowper.
Murry was the son of the writer John Middleton Murry and his second wife, the former Violet Le Maistre. His mother contracted pulmonary tuberculosis when Murry was 8 months old, and died just before the boy's fifth birthday. Murry was nicknamed “Colin” by his grandmother, which later served as a semi-pseudonymous pen name for some of his books.
Murry attended Rendcomb College, a progressive school in Gloucestershire. He enlisted in the Royal Navy in 1944 and applied to join the Fleet Air Arm as a pilot, but was turned down on the grounds of poor eyesight and did not see combat, narrowly escaping being sent to the Far East by the surrender of Japan in August 1945.
After the war he read Anglo-Saxon and English at Brasenose College, Oxford from which he graduated in 1949. He met Ruth Jezierski and married her in 1949 just after his final exams. The couple had two daughters.
His first novel, the autobiographical The Golden Valley, was finished in 1954 but not published until 1958 as by Colin Murry. Publication was delayed because of the harsh criticism he had received from his father after he showed it to him following its completion. Three more novels as Colin Murry followed, the last appearing in 1972.
In the 1960s he turned to science fiction and fantasy under the pen name of Richard Cowper and attained considerable popularity. Responses to his work in the genre were mixed, with readers liking his subtle, lyrical and moving stories, but some SF critics responded harshly. Martin Amis wrote a series of harsh reviews of the Cowper books, which Murry shrugged off, saying “He grew up with a famous father too!”
His writing always aimed at direct, intense feeling, with little or none of the irony and cynicism characteristic of much twentieth-century literature. He retired from writing in 1986, stating that he had nothing more to say, and turned to painting and repairing Victorian chairs.
In 2002, four weeks after the death of his wife, Murry died—of a broken heart, according to his daughters.