Brigid Antonia Brophy, Lady Levey (12 June 1929, in London, England – 7 August 1995, in Louth, Lincolnshire, England) was an English novelist, essayist, critic, biographer, and dramatist. In the Dictionary of Literary Biography: British Novelists since 1960, S. J. Newman described her as “one of the oddest, most brilliant, and most enduring of [the] 1960s symptoms.”
She was a feminist and pacifist who expressed controversial opinions on marriage, the Vietnam War, religious education in schools, sex (she was openly bisexual, and pornography. She was a vocal campaigner for animal rights and vegetarianism. A 1965 Sunday Times article by Brophy is credited by psychologist Richard D. Ryder with having triggered the formation of the animal rights movement in England.
Because of her outspokenness, she was labeled many things, including “one of our leading literary shrews” by a Times Literary Supplement reviewer. “A lonely, ubiquitous toiler in the weekend graveyards, she has scored some direct hits on massive targets: Kingsley Amis, Henry Miller, Professor Wilson Knight.”
Brophy was married to art historian Sir Michael Levey. She was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1984, which took her life 11 years later at the age of 66.
Brophy attended The Abbey School, Reading, between May 1941 and July 1943, during which time she was two years ahead of her age. She left with eight subjects at School Certificate, five with distinction. She then attended St Paul's Girls' School in London.